الظروف المناسبة لزراعة الطماطم في البيت المحمي

الظروف المناسبة لزراعة الطماطم في البيت المحمي


Cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse.. In a previous article, we mentioned the tendency of many greenhouse farmers to grow vegetable plants, including cucumbers, tomatoes, peppers .. and others, as we learned about the most important advantages Tomato production inside the greenhouse, as well as the most important varieties that are selected for cultivation.. In this article, we will explain the appropriate conditions for tomato cultivation and growth inside the greenhouse..

The right time for planting tomatoes in greenhouses

  • Although it is possible to greenhouse planting at any time throughout the year, including tomato planting; However, it is important to observe frost periods..
  • In the sense that farmers need to wait for the frosts to end, and then determine the appropriate time and method for planting.
  • The fruits of tomatoes usually begin to grow about 3 or 4 months after the date of placing the seedlings in the soil, and the harvest continues for two or three months.

Learn about the conditions to be met by cultivated tomato varieties

Characteristics of the soil used for growing tomatoes

There are a set of characteristics that must be present in the soil used for growing tomatoes, including:

  • The soil should be fertile and warm.
  • To have a good exchange rate.
  • Add about 15 kg of compost per square meter of cultivated land.

Proper temperature and humidity

  • Concerning temperatures; It should be between 29:21 degrees Celsius.
  • As for the ideal humidity level for tomato cultivation; Preferably between 65:60%.
  • This is due to the fact that high humidity may cause the plant to be unable to absorb nutrients, and thus rot.
  • High humidity also makes the plant vulnerable to fungal diseases.

Ventilation & Lighting

  • Decreasing the degree of ventilation inside the greenhouse leads to a decrease in the humidity level, which in turn leads to a lower rate of pollination of plants.
  • In return; Providing a good ventilation rate contributes to the proper cultivation of tomatoes.
  • Also, care must be taken to provide a strong light source, provided that it continues for a period of not less than 21 hours per day.
  • This strong light helps facilitate the fertilization of tomatoes.

Some fungal diseases that affect the tomato crop

Planting tomato seedlings

  • Tomato seedlings often become cultivable when the cluster is about 15 cm long.
  • The process of planting seedlings is done by digging a hole for each seedling, about 10 cm deep, and then placing it inside, taking into account the height of the two flower leaves above the surface of the soil.
  • The required distance between seedlings and each other must also be observed; which is approximately 35 cm.
  • Immediately after planting, it is irrigated, taking into account that the irrigation is light at first, and then as needed in the following stages.

After completing the stages of planting seedlings and flowering tomatoes; The fruits are collected before they become loose or spoiled. The harvesting process should take place within 3:2 days during the summer, or 5:4 days during the winter. It is also preferable to harvest tomatoes in the early morning periods; Because the fruits are filled with water during that period, which facilitates picking.

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