Pests and insects inside greenhouses.. Protected agriculture, like other crops, is vulnerable to infection with some insects and pests that harm the cultivated crops. Therefore, the greenhouse needs periodic follow-up and work to combat the insects inside, although there are a number of factors that reduce From the possibility of being infected with such pests, which we will explain in this article..
Agricultural pests and insects
- Pests are defined as any species, race, or type of plant or animal that cause harmful disease to crops.
- Transboundary pests have spread significantly in recent times, as a result of several factors, including climate change, globalization and trade.
- Because of its great damage, which may reach the point of destroying agricultural crops; They represent a major threat to food security in many regions.
Types of pests and insects inside greenhouses
There are many insects and pests that may infect different crops inside greenhouses, especially vegetable plants, for example:
- Tunnel makers.
- Cotton leaf worm.
- Tomato worm.
- Leaf hoppers.
- The dream.
Avoid infecting the greenhouse with agricultural pests
and There are a set of considerations to be taken into account, to avoid infecting the greenhouse with agricultural pests and insects, including:
- Choose a suitable location for the greenhouse; So that it is not adjacent to any open plantings that may have some insects.
- Turning the soil on which the greenhouse will be built, and exposing it to the sun to eliminate any bacteria or germs in it.
- The greenhouse must have a reasonable humidity level.
- And keeping the house away from trees, which may shade it and block sunlight from it, can prevent crops from infesting with pests and harmful insects.
Integrated Pest Management
- Some countries are adopting what is known as integrated pest management; Which is based on the idea of rationalizing the use of pesticides on the one hand, and on the other hand; Introducing new additional methods and techniques, to contribute to the pest control process.
- Among those methods and techniques; The use of different traps (food – light – sticky..etc), and agricultural methods (such as planting varieties of plants resistant to insects and pests – planting dates – agricultural cycle..etc).
- which means that integrated pest management requires employing all methods and means of control; Including agricultural, biotechnological, regulatory..etc.
And therefore we can say that there are many methods used to get rid of insects or agricultural pests, whether before infecting the greenhouse, as a kind of prevention, or after infection, with the aim of treating this defect before it causes damage to the cultivated plants.