Cultivation of eggplant.. Eggplant, or “ebanj” as it was known in the past, is one of the vegetables rich in nutrients, and it represents a good source of income. As for growing it inside greenhouses, it is usually done in Arab countries with cold winters, Here is the most appropriate way to grow it inside a greenhouse..
Growing eggplant in a greenhouse
- Eggplant needs relatively high temperatures when planted, which greenhouse heaters provide.
- It is also often planted between March and September.
- One of the most important advantages of growing it inside a greenhouse; The possibility of producing hybrid eggplant seeds, combining more than one type of eggplant, such as Al-Arous and Al-Rumi.
- The crop is up to 20 cm long and 5 cm wide.
Soil suitable for eggplant
- Eggplant is a plant that does not tolerate saline soil, nor irrigation using highly saline water.
- Because this type of irrigation can cause a decrease in photosynthesis rates, by up to 52%.
- Irrigation with brine often reduces the length of the fruit and increases the firmness of the pulp.
Eggplant planting dates in the greenhouse
- An early summer grove, in which seedlings are planted in March.
- Late summer grouse, which are planted in April and May, and their crop grows from late June to late August.
- A fall seedling, in which seedlings are planted during the months of July and August, and the crop grows in the period from September to November.
- And during this autumnal blink; Seeds are planted in June, taking into account their protection from high temperatures, by covering nurseries and even seed germination.
- As for the winter lug; They are planted in greenhouses during November and December.
How does its cultivation succeed?
- It is preferable to use one of the black plastic covers for the greenhouse, as it contributes to warming the soil and controls the growth of weeds.
- Also, farmers usually rely on drip irrigation as one of the modern irrigation methods, which are used in greenhouses, especially when the seedlings are ready for planting.
- Then appropriate fertilization and weed management methods are applied.
- The farmers are also keen, after the plant reaches a height of 40 cm, to tighten it using some pegs, to help it grow.
It remains to be noted that when growing eggplants inside a greenhouse, they are usually harvested 60: 100 days after the date of the beginning of the cultivation process, although there are many factors that affect the date of harvest; Including, for example, the climatic conditions and the age of the seedlings used in agriculture.. and others.