البيوت البلاستيكية.. ماهيتها أنواعها وشروط زراعتها

البيوت البلاستيكية.. ماهيتها أنواعها وشروط زراعتها


Greenhouses are one of the modern agricultural methods, which came as an alternative to traditional agriculture, and it contributes to raising the quantity and quality of production, and protecting crops from pests and harmful insects, but there are a set of conditions that must be observed in order for the cultivation process to succeed, which we will explain in this article .

What are greenhouses

Greenhouses are a type of greenhouse, which are structures made of metal, but covered with single or double plastic sheets.

Kenana Homes Factory Arched Plastic House

The purpose of using greenhouses

Greenhouses are similar in use to other types of greenhouses, including:

  • Production of higher quality vegetables and fruits, due to their ability to protect plants from pollution factors, as well as pests caused by different climatic conditions.
  • This protection also results in an increase in the amount of agricultural production.
  • It can be provided with some climatic conditions necessary for the growth of many rare plants.

Types of Greenhouse

There are three basic types of greenhouses, and each type has its own set of features, as follows:

Low Cost Homes

  • It is less than 3 meters high, has poor ventilation, and is difficult to manage crops inside.
  • On the other hand, this type is relatively inexpensive, and easy to install.

Medium Cost Homes

  • They are the most common type, ranging in length from 2 to 4 metres.
  • They may have roof or side wall ventilation, or both.
  • These houses are an affordable and productive solution.

High Cost Homes

  • Its height is about 4 meters, and the ceiling height may reach 9 meters.
  • Offers superior environmental performance.
  • It has ceiling vents, along with side vents.
  • The plastic cap may come single or double.
  • It helps to significantly reduce the use of pesticides.
  • Also, these high-tech structures, provide a more attractive appearance than others, and are therefore included in international agribusiness projects.
  • Enables the production of very large quantities of agricultural products.

Upright Greenhouse

crops that can be grown inside greenhouses

Usually, different types of greenhouses allow the production of all agricultural crops, but individuals wishing to invest in this field must choose types of plants that can be produced in large quantities in order to sell them.

In this case, their prices are higher than those of their counterparts grown in the open, or according to the traditional method.

Conditions for growing in greenhouses

When it comes to projects aimed at providing various services, of course there must be some factors that contribute to the success of these economic and service projects.

The success factors of cultivation inside the greenhouse can be summarized as follows:

  • Availability of sufficient water sources to irrigate the cultivated crops.
  • It is preferable to choose a place for the greenhouse, close to the place of residence, so that the person in charge of the house can take good care of it and monitor it well.
  • Soil must be chosen fertile, deep and water permeable, well aerated and light in texture, and free of salt.
  • Try to choose a location for the house a few meters away from the shade areas.
  • Availability of nearby and suitable electrical sources, given the house’s need for heating and cooling factors at different times of the year.
  • The area where the greenhouse is located is free from any strong air currents.
  • It is preferable that the area contain windbreaks.
  • It is also important to choose plants that fit the market need, to grow inside the greenhouse.

Greenhouses are one of the modern agricultural methods, which came as an alternative to traditional agriculture, and it contributes to raising the quantity and quality of production, and protecting crops from pests and harmful insects, but there are a set of conditions that must be observed in order for the cultivation process to succeed, which we will explain in this article .

What are greenhouses

Greenhouses are a type of greenhouse, which are structures made of metal, but covered with single or double plastic sheets.

Kenana Homes Factory Arched Plastic House

The purpose of using greenhouses

Greenhouses are similar in use to other types of greenhouses, including:

  • Production of higher quality vegetables and fruits, due to their ability to protect plants from pollution factors, as well as pests caused by different climatic conditions.
  • This protection also results in an increase in the amount of agricultural production.
  • It can be provided with some climatic conditions necessary for the growth of many rare plants.

Types of Greenhouse

There are three basic types of greenhouses, and each type has its own set of features, as follows:

Low Cost Homes

  • It is less than 3 meters high, has poor ventilation, and is difficult to manage crops inside.
  • On the other hand, this type is relatively inexpensive, and easy to install.

Medium Cost Homes

  • They are the most common type, ranging in length from 2 to 4 metres.
  • They may have roof or side wall ventilation, or both.
  • These houses are an affordable and productive solution.

High Cost Homes

  • Its height is about 4 meters, and the ceiling height may reach 9 meters.
  • Offers superior environmental performance.
  • It has ceiling vents, along with side vents.
  • The plastic cap may come single or double.
  • It helps to significantly reduce the use of pesticides.
  • Also, these high-tech structures, provide a more attractive appearance than others, and are therefore included in international agribusiness projects.
  • Enables the production of very large quantities of agricultural products.

Upright Greenhouse

crops that can be grown inside greenhouses

Usually, different types of greenhouses allow the production of all agricultural crops, but individuals wishing to invest in this field must choose types of plants that can be produced in large quantities in order to sell them.

In this case, their prices are higher than those of their counterparts grown in the open, or according to the traditional method.

Conditions for growing in greenhouses

When it comes to projects aimed at providing various services, of course there must be some factors that contribute to the success of these economic and service projects.

The success factors of cultivation inside the greenhouse can be summarized as follows:

  • Availability of sufficient water sources to irrigate the cultivated crops.
  • It is preferable to choose a place for the greenhouse, close to the place of residence, so that the person in charge of the house can take good care of it and monitor it well.
  • Soil must be chosen fertile, deep and water permeable, well aerated and light in texture, and free of salt.
  • Try to choose a location for the house a few meters away from the shade areas.
  • Availability of nearby and suitable electrical sources, given the house’s need for heating and cooling factors at different times of the year.
  • The area where the greenhouse is located is free from any strong air currents.
  • It is preferable that the area contain windbreaks.
  • It is also important to choose plants that fit the market need, to grow inside the greenhouse.

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