Many farmers seek to produce natural and healthy crops that are not harmful to the environment as much as possible, and for this they resort to applying organic farming systems, which allow them to produce crops with nutrients beneficial to human health, especially Inside greenhouses, what are the foundations of organic farming and the most important agricultural methods used in it?
- It is an agricultural system based on reducing the use of pesticides, synthetic fertilizers, additives to livestock feed, and growth regulators.
- Organic agriculture depends on the use of crop residues, natural fertilizers, in addition to the use of organic waste outside the farm, and animal manure.
Foundations of Organic Agriculture
Organic farming in greenhouses is based on a number of foundations, the most important of which are:
- Diversify the cultivated crops, and try to focus on plants that increase soil fertility, including lupine, alfalfa, and fava beans.
- Reliance on indigenous, non-hybrid seeds and parts of high vitality; This is in order to obtain a perfect healthy crop.
- Ensure that the seeds used in the planting process have not been exposed to any industrial chemicals.
- Trying to completely cover the surface of the soil inside the greenhouse with plants, and protect it from weather changes, because this will preserve its fertility.
- Attempting to stay away from fertilizers made from recycling waste, or those manufactured chemical fertilizers, and replace them with natural, organic fertilizers.
- When using animal manure fertilizers, it must be ensured that these animals, in turn, are fed on organic crops.
Benefits of organic farming in greenhouses
- Organic crops are a strong supporter of human health, as they contain antioxidants and flavonoids (which protect the heart and blood vessels and prevent the growth of cancer cells).
- Provides a positive interaction between the various natural systems, and protects the environment, by avoiding the problems of pest infestation and low soil fertility.. and others.
- Provide suitable environmental conditions for all animals, microorganisms and plants; to exercise its own biological growth.
- Provide products with high nutritional value, in sufficient quantities for consumers.
organic greenhouse cultivation methods
As we have indicated; The organic cultivation inside the greenhouse depends on a number of methods, including:
Green manure farming
- In it, certain types of plants are grown, capable of supplying the soil with the necessary elements to increase its fertility.
Cultivation through crop rotation
- It means planting crops in regular agricultural cycles, so that a group of plants is approved and planted at specific dates, and each type of crop is repeated once every several years.
- This system helps in raising the fertility of the soil, and reducing the depletion of some nutrients in it.
- Compost is defined as a type of natural fertilizer, which is made by fermenting some plant residues, such as hay, leaves and firewood..
- Because it is a natural product of the decomposition of some living organisms, it contains a large proportion of organic matter, and thus contributes to the production of high-quality crops, while preserving the natural resources and properties of the soil.
However, this organic farming system, despite its effectiveness, needs organized control and inspection processes, in order to ensure the production of crops that are environmentally safe and healthy, while preserving the natural biological system.